Periodontal Therapy

Hygienist reviewing proper brushing technique

Periodontal disease is caused by infections of the gum tissue in the mouth. These infections are the result of bacteria in dental plaque. 

In the early stages of periodontal disease (gingivitis), gum tissues may appear swollen and may also bleed. 

At this stage, the disease process is reversible, but if not treated the condition can worsen, resulting in periodontitis.

Gum Disease

Periodontitis can cause permanent damage to gums and the bone supporting teeth. If left untreated, periodontitis can result in tooth loss. There is also evidence linking periodontitis and other health concerns such as cardiovascular disease.  

The severity of periodontal disease is determined using dental x-rays and by measuring pocket depths. Diseased gum tissue can pull away from teeth and form “pockets” that provide a trap for plaque and bacteria.

Treatment Options

Once the extent of the disease process is assessed, there are several options available for treating periodontal disease: 

Non-Surgical Periodontal Treatment (Scaling and Root Planing), Periodontal Pocket Reduction Surgery, and Laser Periodontal Therapy.

Choose one of the treatment options below to learn more.

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