Periodontal disease is caused by infections of the gum tissue in the mouth. These infections are the result of bacteria in dental plaque.
In the early stages of periodontal disease (gingivitis), gum tissues may appear swollen and may also bleed.
At this stage, the disease process is reversible, but if not treated the condition can worsen, resulting in periodontitis.
Periodontitis can cause permanent damage to gums and the bone supporting teeth. If left untreated, periodontitis can result in tooth loss. There is also evidence linking periodontitis and other health concerns such as cardiovascular disease.
The severity of periodontal disease is determined using dental x-rays and by measuring pocket depths. Diseased gum tissue can pull away from teeth and form “pockets” that provide a trap for plaque and bacteria.
Once the extent of the disease process is assessed, there are several options available for treating periodontal disease:
Non-Surgical Periodontal Treatment (Scaling and Root Planing), Periodontal Pocket Reduction Surgery, and Laser Periodontal Therapy.
Choose one of the treatment options below to learn more.
Scaling and Root Planing is usually performed by a dental hygienist.
Our skilled hygienists focus on education as much as treatment. During Non-Surgical Periodontal Treatment, the patient will learn about periodontal disease, how it occurs and the proper ways to brush and floss to keep the teeth and gums healthy.
The hygienist and the doctor work together to keep the patient comfortable* while plaque and bacteria are removed from the tooth surfaces above and below the gums. This helps to stop the damaging action that leads to periodontal pocketing and ultimately to tooth loss.
*Conscious sedation options are available.